The Matildas waltz in as Australia’s Word of the Year

15 Nov 2023

The soaring popularity of the Australian women's soccer team after their semi-final run at this year's FIFA Women's World Cup 2023 has seen experts at The Australian National 51Թ (ANU) pick Matilda as their Word of the Year.

The team name (Matildas, or Tillies for short) and singular form (Matilda) were everywhere as Matildas mania swept the country, with Australians transfixed by every minute of play.
 
The Matildas' semi-final against England was the most-watched TV program in decades in Australia, reaching more than 11 million people.

Each year the Australian National Dictionary Centre, based at ANU, selects a word or expression that has gained prominence in the Australian landscape over the past 12 months.

The Centre's Director Dr Amanda Laugesen said this year's choice was easy given the massive popularity of the team and the word's long history in Australian English. It also reflects the growth of interest in women's team sports.

"From the 1880s, matilda was one of the names for a swag, a bag of possessions carried by an itinerant man looking for work. These days most people would only know this in relation to the song Waltzing Matilda," Dr Laugesen said.

"It's only since the mid-1990s that the women's soccer team has been called the Matildas, but after this year's World Cup the word has once again cemented itself in the Australian lexicon."

Although the exact origins of the term matilda in Australian English are unclear, it ultimately comes from the female name.

"The original German name refers to strength in battle so it's an appropriate name for a team that has inspired so many people this year, particularly young women and girls," Dr Laugesen said.

The Centre's Word of the Year shortlist is dominated by words related to the Australian Indigenous Voice to Parliament referendum. Voice was the Centre's .

The full 2023 shortlist includes: 

  • noer: a person who intends to vote no in the referendum on a proposed Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Voice to Parliament; a person who voted no in the referendum. 
  • yesser: a person who intends to vote yes in the referendum; a person who voted yes in the referendum. 
  • truth-telling: acknowledging and recognising the historical and ongoing mistreatment and injustices affecting Indigenous peoples in Australia.  
  • hallucinate: (of artificial intelligence) to generate false or inaccurate information and present it as fact.  

The Australian National Dictionary Centre researches Australian English in partnership with Oxford 51Թ Press Australia and New Zealand and edits Oxford's Australian dictionaries.

Oxford 51Թ Press is a department of the 51Թ of Oxford. It furthers the 51Թ's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. OUP is the world's largest university press with the widest global presence.